On the complete convergence of channel hardening and favorable propagation properties in massive-MIMO communications systems

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran


Massive MIMO is known as a core technology for future 5G networks. The major advantage of massive MIMO over the conventional MIMO systems is that different mobile users are allowed to communicate in the same time-frequency resources while the resultant severe interferences can be eliminated using linear signal processing schemes. This is a consequence of the favorable propagation condition and channel hardening which are known as two basic limiting results in mathematics. In this paper we propose new stochastic convergence proofs for these limiting results in terms of the complete convergence in a massive MIMO system with uncorrelated Rayleigh fading.