Inverse spectral problems for arrowhead matrices

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Mathematics, Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dezful, Iran

2 Department of Mathematics, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Computer Science,Yazd University, Yazd, Iran


The problem of constructing a matrix by its spectral information is called inverse eigenvalue problem (IEP) which arises in a variety of applications. In this paper, we study an IEP for arrowhead matrices in different cases. The problem involves constructing of the matrix by some eigenvalues of each of the leading principal submatrices and one eigenpair. We will also investigate this problem and its variants in the cases of matrix entries being real, nonnegative, positive definite, complex and equal diagonal entries. To solve the problems, a new method to establish a relationship between the IEP and properties of symmetric and general form of matrices is developed. The necessary and sufficient conditions of the solvability of the problems  are obtained. Finally, some numerical examples are presented.